The Secrets Behind the Crystal Clear Waters of the Turks and Caicos Islands

The

Turks and Caicos Islands

are renowned for their crystal clear waters, which are some of the best in the world for snorkeling and diving. Many people believe that Caribbean water is blue and transparent due to its salt content, but there are a few other factors that contribute to its clarity. The reefs and other physical structures off the shores of the islands act as barriers, breaking the force of moving water and dispersing its energy. Along certain coasts, finer particles, such as sand and silt, can increase the turbidity of the water because they are easily agitated and remain afloat for extended periods of time.

This is because these murky waters tend to be home to more living organisms, such as phytoplankton (algae) and zooplankton (jellyfish and other animals that roam the ocean), which in turn makes the water appear murky. The bright blues of deeper waters are mainly due to the fact that longer, warmer colors along the length of the waves (red, orange, yellow) filter and disperse rather than short blue wavelengths. This is why sunlight reflecting off the white sand seabed creates an almost illuminated appearance with bright tones of ice blue, turquoise and teal. Nowhere in the Turks and Caicos Islands shows this better than the channels that divide the small cays between Central Caicos and South Caicos.

The Turks and Caicos Islands are made up of 40 coral islands in the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast of the Bahamas and, like the Bahamas, are a British overseas territory. Grand Turk is the capital and is home to the cruise port. Club Med Turkoise was the first major all-inclusive resort in this area, followed by Grace Bay Club Resort, which was the first luxury property in the Turks and Caicos Islands. This picturesque two-story hotel was built before the Turks and Caicos Islands became a luxury beach destination and still has just 30 rooms.The crystal clear waters of these islands make them perfect for all kinds of fun activities such as rowing, kayaking, jet skiing, snorkeling and diving.

The combination of salt content, reefs, physical structures, sand particles, plankton and light wavelengths all contribute to making these waters some of the clearest in the world.